Questions Worth Asking (Maybe)

Lots going on to ask questions about!

And finally

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Thinking about King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail

One of the greatest honors of my life was being invited to speak at the Martin Luther King, Jr. candlelight vigil Monday evening at the UNK student union, along with Kevin Chaney, UNK’s women’s basketball coach. Here’s what I had to say:

Visalli-11-10-13When we think of public relations, we think of a professional in a suit trying to persuade us about something related to a large corporation. But not all PR is practiced by big business.

Civil rights leader The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had a brilliant understanding of public relations during the campaign to desegregate Birmingham, Alabama in 1963.

The goal of the campaign was to have non-violent demonstrations and resistance to force segregated businesses to open up to African Americans. What King, and the members of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, wanted to do was stage a highly visible demonstration that would not only force change in Birmingham, but also grab the attention of the entire American public.

King and his colleagues picked Birmingham because it was one of he most segregated cities in America and because it had Eugene “Bull” Conner as police commissioner.

Conner was a racist who could be counted on to attack the peaceful marchers. Birmingham was a city where black protestors were thrown in jail, and the racists were bombing homes and churches. There was a black neighborhood that had so many bombings it came to be known as Dynamite Hill.

Dr. King and his colleagues had planned demonstrations and boycotts in Birmingham, but held off with them in order to let the political system and negotiations work. But time passed, and nothing changed. Signs were still up at the lunch counters and water fountains, and protestors were still headed to jail.

King and the rest of the SCLC needed to get attention for the plight of African Americans in cities like Birmingham.

They needed to do more than fight back against the racism of segregation. They needed to get Americans of good will in all the churches and synagogues to hear their voices.

Starting in April of 1963, predominantly African American volunteers would march in the streets, hold sit-ins at segregated lunch counters, and boycott local businesses in Birmingham. As the protests started, so did the arrests.

On Good Friday, King and Abernathy joined in the marching so that they would be arrested. While King was in jail, he was given a copy of the Birmingham News, in which there was an article where white Alabama clergy urged the SCLC to stop the demonstrations and boycotts and allow the courts to solve the problem of segregation.

But King was tired of waiting, and so he wrote what would become one of the great statements of the civil rights cause. One that spoke to people who were fundamentally their friends, not their enemies. This came to be known as the “Letter from Birmingham Jail.

Writing the letter was not easy. Dr. King wrote it in the margins of the newspaper. He wrote it on scraps of note paper. He wrote it on panels of toilet paper. (Think about what the toilet paper was like if Dr. King was able to write on it!)

The letter spoke to the moderates who were urging restraint. To them, he wrote:

“My Dear Fellow Clergymen:

While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities “unwise and untimely.” Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas…. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms.”

He went on the acknowledge that perhaps he was an extremist, but that he was an extremist for love, not for hate:

“But though I was initially disappointed at being categorized as an extremist, as I continued to think about the matter I gradually gained a measure of satisfaction from the label.

Was not Jesus an extremist for love: “Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.”

Was not Amos an extremist for justice: “Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like an ever flowing stream.” …

Was not Martin Luther an extremist: “Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise, so help me God.” …

And Abraham Lincoln: “This nation cannot survive half slave and half free.”

And Thomas Jefferson: “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal . . .”

So the question is not whether we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be. Will we be extremists for hate or for love?”

King’s jailhouse writings were smuggled out of the jail and published as a brochure. His eloquent words were given added force for being written in jail. As he says toward the end of his letter, it is very different to send a message from jail than from a hotel room:

“Never before have I written so long a letter. I’m afraid it is much too long to take your precious time. I can assure you that it would have been much shorter if I had been writing from a comfortable desk, but what else can one do when he is alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers?”

Once King was released from jail eight days later, he and his followers raised the stakes. No longer would adults be marching and being arrested, children would become the vanguard. And as the children marched, photographers and reporters from around the world would document these young people being attacked by dogs, battered by water from fire hoses, and filling up the Birmingham jails.

King faced criticism for allowing the young people to face the dangers of marching in Birmingham. But he responded by criticizing the white press, asking the reporters where they had been “during the centuries when our segregated social system had been misusing and abusing Negro children.”

Although there was rioting in Birmingham, and King’s brother’s house was bombed, the campaign was ultimately successful. Business owners took down the signs that said “WHITE” and “COLORED” from the drinking fountains and bathrooms, and anyone was allowed to eat at the lunch counters. The successful protest in Birmingham set the stage for the March on Washington that would take place in August of 1963, where King would give his famous “I have a dream” speech.[King, 1998 #552],[Kasher, 1996 #553]

We are now more than fifty years from King’s letter from Birmingham Jail. This letter was not one of his “feel good” speeches. It doesn’t raise the spirit the way his I have a dream speech did.

But it did give us a message that still matters today:

 “I hope this letter finds you strong in the faith. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother. Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty.”

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JMC 406 Student Blogs

This spring I’m teaching my Blogging & Commentary Writing class, a course I’ve taught in one form or another since the winter of 1988 (Hint: Blogging wasn’t part of the title then…)  Here are links to my students’ blogs and Twitter feeds:


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Terrorists attack satirical French newspaper

On Wednesday, three masked gunmen attacked and killed at least 12 at the Paris offices of the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo.Charlie_Hebdo_love_hate.0

Charlie Hebdo is known for it’s controversial covers and provocative cartoons which are known for skewering religion and politics of every stripe.  This can be seen from one of the paper’s most famous covers published shortly after the paper’s offices were firebombed.

The killings today were apparently provoked by cartoons published in the paper that depicted the prophet Muhammad and that mocked the leader of the Islamic State (also known as ISIS).

Political cartoonists around the world have responded with cartoons depicting their reactions to the slayings.


It is important to remember however, as Ezra Klein at Vox points out, that we do not need to try to analyze whether the paper was being too provocative.  The attack was an act of terrorism, and act of violence; not a response to a legitimate provocation.

The attacks in Paris bring back to mind the rioting and attacks the followed the  publication (and re-publication) of the cartoons depicting the prophet Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten, as well as the firebombing of the Charlie Hebdo offices back in 2011, apparently in response to the publication of a characture of Muhammad. A Pew Foundation poll back in 2005/06, at the time of the response to the Danish cartoons, asked whether Americans thought that the controversy was more about “Western disrespect” or “Muslim intolerance.”  Not surprisingly, Americans (by a 3-to1 margin) blamed the problems on Muslim intolerence.

You can see the latest on Twitter about the attacks and the responses to it under the hashtag #CharlieHebdo or  (I am Charlie).


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LIAMW Holiday Music – The Roches sing “Good King Wenceslas”

I’m a huge fan of the Roches and their Christmas album We Three Kings, and this video by Father James Martin at American Magazine explains the strength of the gospel in this carol. Here are both a video explaining the meaning of the carol and the Roches with their gorgeous rendition.

Merry Christmas to us all.

Fr. James Martin, SJ explaining Good King Wenceslas

The Roches singing Good King Wenceslas

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Questions Worth Asking (Maybe)

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LIAMW Holiday Music – Joseph, Who Understood

Today’s song is my absolute favorite contemporary Christmas song, and it is done by a band with the unlikely name of The New Pornographers.  A friend of mine asked recently why a band doing such a nice song has such an awful name.  Here’s the explanation: Many people assume that it comes from television preacher Jimmy Swaggart calling rock ‘n’ roll “the new pornography.” At any rate, enjoy “Joseph, Who Understood,” about the least appreciated person in the Christmas story.

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LIAMW Holiday Music – Robin & Linda Williams: Shotgun Shells on the Christmas Tree

I love this song by Robin and Linda Williams that tells the story of an unexpected Christmas tree with unusual decorations.

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LIAMW Holiday Music – John Denver & the Muppets: A Christmas Together

Back in 1979, long before Disney had bought out Jim Henson’s Muppets, there was a TV special John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together. it was full of the silliness and fun that you would expect from a classic Muppet show.  As a big Muppet Show fan, I remember enjoying the special when it aired, and I’ve long loved the soundtrack album that I used to own.

So with that trip to rank sentimentality out of the way, let’s watch a couple of clips from the show:

Christmas is Coming

12 Days of Christmas


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LIAMW Holiday Music – Band Aid’s “Do They Know It’s Christmas”

Back in 1984, Bob Geldof of the Boomtown Rats and others helped assemble a big group of British and Irish musicians to to produce a music video to build awareness of and raise money for famine relief in Africa.  This video, produced by a super group called Band Aid, would eventually lead to the multi-continent Live Aid concert in the summer of 1985.

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